Overview and History
50Plus (50+) is a minor, but growing, center-left to center populist party advocating mainly for the rights of pensioners, thus the name of the party. The party was founded in 2009, mostly out of former members of the Labour Party, and participated in its first elections in 2011. Their main ideological neighbor is Labour because of this, and 50+ has been attempting to siphon off some of Labour’s support for themselves. In the short history of the party they have had very little success, as they earned only 2 seats in the House of Representatives after the 2012 elections, and one of those representatives left the party, leaving them with only one seat. The collapse of the Labour Party’s support did not lead to a massive increase in 50Plus’s support, though the party made small gains in 2017.
Recent Electoral History and Political Power
National Party Strength Ranking: 10th
50Plus is 10th strongest party in the Netherlands following the 2017 elections. Details on their control in specific areas are below.
Prime Minister: 50Plus has not served in a coalition since its creation, so it has never had a Prime Minister.
House of Representatives: In 2017 the party received 3.1% of the vote and 4 out of the 150 seats in the House of Representatives. 50+ finished in 10th place, one place better than in 2012.
Senate: 50+ won 2 out of the 75 seats in the Senate in the 2015 Senate Election, finishing in 11th place and interestingly having more seats in the Senate than the House. Members of the Senate are selected by the states.
European Parliament: 50Plus is not a member of any parliamentary group in the European Parliament. In the 2014 European Parliament elections, they finished in 10th place with 3.7% of the vote, earning 0 out of the 26 seats allocated to the Netherlands.
State Parliaments: 50+ holds 14 out of 570 seats throughout the state parliaments following the 2015 Regional Elections, which makes them the 11th strongest party throughout the states. They managed to gain 5 seats from the previous elections. They don’t hold the most seats in any states.
Following the 2017 Election
50Plus failed to capitalize on the Labour Party’s struggles. While they did double their seat total in the House of Representatives, they are still a relatively minor party within the struggling center-left. It remains to be seen whether they are just another temporary small party or here to stay.
As of September of 2018, polling has 50+ making slight gains as they receive between 3.5% and 4.5%.
Economic and Fiscal Policy
50Plus’s focus and main policy positions are the reduction of the retirement age back to 65 years old, which they claim will increase employment of youth, the strengthening of the state provided pension for retirees, and protections for the pension programs that currently exist. In continuation of this focus, their other policies also revolve around assisting those over the age of 50, including making hiring of older workers easier, a stimulus package to assist and train older workers, and increased government hiring of these workers. They also advocate tax reform to benefit elderly workers and pensioners, including repealing the inheritance tax and capital tax and reforming the sales tax. For healthcare they advocate the rolling back of market involvement in the industry, as well as multiple other reforms to assist the elderly. They extend this policy to be against privatization in general unless it is in the interest of society at large. Government should fight poverty using all potential means, as 50Plus advocates large expansions in welfare. When it comes to fiscal policy they advocate for a reduction in the debt to 60% of GDP to be more sustainable in the long run.
Liberty Rating*: D
Social and Foreign Policy
50Plus is more conservative when it comes to social policy, combining some liberal positions with more overall conservative ones. Some of those liberal positions include a very regulated legalization of euthanasia (only used when there are no medical options), extremely regulated allowance of marijuana, and introduction of binding referendums. For hard-drugs they advocate increased crackdowns to prevent any further expansion of drug trade, along with general increases in police forces throughout the country. When it comes to immigration the party is more conservative, advocating stringent criteria for accepting refugees and requiring deportation of economic refugees as well as anyone denied asylum. Along with that, they want the Dutch borders to be strengthened, despite their desire to remain in the European Union, and advocate expanded restrictions on duel citizenship. In general the want to restrict the EU’s extension into policy by decreasing the number of seats in its parliament and giving it only power over economic, monetary, energy, and border policies. When it comes to fighting terrorism, the party advocates large increases in surveillance, including requiring a digital passport for anyone to access the internet, and proactive use of the police and military to stop any potential terrorist action. 50Plus also calls for restrictions on discrimination for any reason, even for age. Some other unique policies include a reduction in speed limits, a banning of fireworks for individuals, an increase in the cutoff for the House of Representatives to 3% (from the current 0.67%), and reducing the size of the chamber from 150 to 100 members.
Liberty Rating*: D+
Based on our liberty ratings for 50+’s economic and social policy, they are a center-left pensioner’s party in the “Authoritarian” Sector. They are within the “Authoritarian” instead of “Left” sector for social policy due to their restrictive immigration policy, expansion of surveillance and internet restrictions, and restrictions on duel citizenship. For economic policy they fall into the “Authoritarian” sector as well due to their devotion to lowering the retirement age, expanding government supplied pensions, support for welfare, and general opposition to privatization.
Read our analysis of other Dutch Political Parties:
- People’s Party for Freedom and Democracy (VVD)
- Labour Party
- Christian Democratic Appeal (CDA)
- Party for Freedom (PVV)
- Socialist Party (SP)
- Democrats 66 (D66)
- GroenLinks (GL)
*Disclaimer: The policy positions in this article have been evaluated using Wikipedia, the party’s own website, and various articles concerning Dutch politics. We attempt to rate the parties based on all information that is available, but due to language barriers, lack of information, or simple mistake we may have missed something. If you feel our liberty ratings or general evaluations are incorrect, please let us know on our contact page or nicely in the comments and we’ll try to fix it. If you have questions on how these ratings are created, feel free to ask as well.
**This spectrum shows economic liberty on the right axis and social liberty on the left axis, so 100 on both axis is “pure” libertarianism and 0 on both axis is pure authoritarianism for example.